Bandhavgarh National Park is one of the finest and most picturesque tiger reserves of India, Bandhavgarh National Park is located in the scenic surroundings of the Vindhya hill ranges and the eastern flank of Satpura hill ranges (in all 32 hills surround this beautiful park) in Madhya Pradesh. Bandhavgarh consists of a core area of 105 sq km and a buffer area of approximately 400 sq km of topography varies between steep ridges, undulating, forest and open meadows. Bandhavgarh Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for its population of tigers, and the main attraction being the white tigers. Since then the park has seen a significant rise in its wildlife population, especially tigers whose population is now estimated between 45-50. Considering the importance of Bandhavgarh National Park, it was included in the famous Project Tiger in 1993.
The landscape of the scenic Bandhavgarh National Park chiefly comprises of steep and rocky hills, with flat tops and level grasslands in the valleys below. The favorable climatic condition supports the growth of rich and varied vegetation in the Park, mainly comprising of fine Sal forests, mixed forests, large stretches of bamboo and grassy meadows. Major trees found in Bandhavgarh National Park include the Sal, Saj (Terminalia tomentosa), Dhaora (Anogeissus latifolia), Tendu, Arjun (Terminalia arjuna), Amla (Emblica officinalis), Palas (Butea monosperma), Salai (Boswellia serrata), Mango (Mangifera indica), Jamun (Syzygium Cumini) and Bamboo among many others.
Wildlife The thick and nutritious vegetation of Bandhavgarh National Park supports a unique and large variety of wildlife. Though, Bandhavgarh National Park is known for Tigers, it also has a significant population of other wild animals. Among important carnivorous found in the park are Leopards, Caracals, Wild dogs or Dholes, Jungle Cats, Jackals, striped Hyenas, Small Indian Civets, Ratels (honey badger) and the Flying Foxes. The herbivores population in the park includes Gaurs (world's largest oxen), Sloth Bears, Rhesus Macaques, Sambar, Chital, Indian Muntjac, Chausingha (4-horned antelope), Nilgai (blue bull), Chinkara, Barking Deer, Wild boar, Langurs, Black-napped Hare and Indian Mongoose among many others. The important reptiles found in Bandhavgarh Sanctuary are the Rock Python, Spectacled Cobra, Common Krait and the Rat Snake to name a few.
Birds Bandhavgarh National Park also supports a sizable population of birds. The year round flowering and fruiting of trees attracts thousands of birds to the park. So far, around 250 species of birds, comprising of both resident and migratory birds, have been identified and listed in the park. The most commonly seen birds in Bandhavgarh National Park are the Bee-eaters, Blossom-Headed Parakeets, Drongos, Common Teal, Crested Serpent Eagle, Grey Hornbill, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Little Grebes, Lesser Adjutants, Lesser Whistling Teal, Minivets, Pied Hornbill, Paradise Flycatchers, Peafowl, Red Jungle Fowl, Red Wattled Lapwing, Steppe Eagle, Tickell's Flycatcher, White-eyed Buzzard, White-breasted Kingfisher, White-browed Fantail Flycatcher, Wood shrikes and Warblers among many more.
Mammals & Reptiles: There are at least 22 mammal species and about 250 bird species in the Park. The grasslands in the park consist of chinkara (Indian gazelle), nilgai (blue bull) and chausingha (four-horned antelope) and wild boar. The dense forests contain sambhar (Indian stag), the muntjac (barking deer) and the herds of chital (spotted deer). Gaur (Indian bison) herds can be seen during March and April.
Other major attractions of Bandhavgarh National Park are the magnificent Bandhavgarh Fort and the sandstone caves, harboring Brahmi inscriptions and colourful tiger images dating back to the 1st Century B.C. Enjoying a wildlife safari to track the tigers and other wilds, is another big attraction for the wildlife enthusiasts here.
Jeep and Elephant Safari : The wildlife viewing can be enjoyed in two ways in Bandhavgarh National Park - Jeep Safari and Elephant Safari. Jeep safaris from the early morning hours till evening hours are the special attractions in the national park. A forest department guide always accompanies you while your jeep safari within the park. Elephant safaris are organized for tracking the tigers in the early morning. White Tigers: Since yesteryears, the Sal forests of Bandhavgarh National Park have been the favorite habitat of the white tigers. The Bandhavgarh Park is the first place where the white tigers were spotted for the first time.
Bandhavgarh Fort Bandhavgarh Fort : The Bandhavgarh National Park area located on the hills turns majestic with the Bandhavgarh Fort built in 14th century. The fort and the adjacent hills contain many caves belonging to the pre-historic era.
Baghel Museum : Located only 100 meters from the resort, it houses certain precious belongings of the Maharaja of Rewa who maintained Bandhavgarh as his Shikargah, or a game preserve, a stuffed white Tiger still stands in the museum amidst certain personal belongings of the Maharaja.
Village Tala : To view a day in the life of an Indian village, where the pace of life is still measured by the rhythm of the seasons. The humble dwellings, the mud clustered houses, the elders smoking hookahs sitting on a cot, are some of the common scenes which signify that the time stands still in certain areas of the world even today.
Mahaman Pond - Place to Quench the Thirst : This water hole surrounded by bamboo clumps is an ideal place to watch variety of herbivores and carnivores.
Climber's Point - Nature's Beauty : Woody climbers and Bauhinia wahli amidst the giant sal trees offer spectacular view for the tourist.
Bari Gufa - Ancient Monument of Past : This is the biggest man made cave of the reserve dating back to tenth century
Three Cave Point - The Archaeological Remains of past : These caves visible from ganesh hillock road are the mute testimony of rich historical past. The Archaeological Remains of past : These caves visible from ganesh hillock road are the mute testimony of rich historical past.
Rajbahera - The Bandhaini Hillock View : This marshy meadow is the origin of river Dammer. Look for the storks, vultures and herds of chital, samber and wild pigs. View of Bandhaini Hillock is an additional attraction.
Best Time to Visit
November to February is the best time to visit Bandhavgarh National Park. The park remains closed from July to October.
How to Reach
By Air : The nearest airport from Bandhavgarh is Khajuraho (230 km), which is connected by air to Agra, Delhi, and Varanasi.
By Rail : The nearest railhead from Bandhavgarh is Umaria (30 km) on the Katni-Bilaspur section of South-Eastern Railway.
By Road : Bandhavgarh National Park is situated on the Satna-Umaria and Rewa-Umaria highway and is well connected by roads to major towns of the region. Bus Services are also available from Rewa, Satna, Katni and Umaria.
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