Sariska Tiger Reserve is well nestled in the Aravali Hills covering 800 sq km area divided into the grasslands, dry deciduous forests, sheer cliffs and rocky landscape. Whether you want to have camel safaris, go out for shopping in the surrounding places, visit medieval palaces or wildlife watching; Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary is the best place for you.
Nearly 90% of the area in the sanctuary is covered with dhok trees accommodating various wildlife species. A variety of other wild animals like the leopard, sambhar, chital, nilgai, four-horned antelope, wild boar, rhesus macaque, langur, hyena and jungle cats are found in the Sariska Tiger Reserve apart from the tiger. The Sariska National Park is home to India's largest population of peafowl, and harbours quail, sand grouse, golden- backed woodpeckers and crested serpent eagles, among other species. Also the Siliserh Lake on the edge of the park has a large number of crocodiles.
The Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary houses the ruins of medieval temples of Garh-Rajor that date back to the 10th and 11th centuries. Also a 17th century castle on a hilltop at Kankwari provides a panoramic view of flying vultures and eagles. The Sariska was declared a sanctuary in 1955 and attained the status of a National Park in 1979.
Wildlife in Sariska Tiger Reserve
Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary supports a wide variety of wildlife such as the Nilgai, Langurs, Chausingha, Sambar, Rhesus Monkeys, Wild Boar, Chital, Spotted Deer, Bengal Fox, Indian Hare, Common Palm Civet, Ratel, Northern Palm Squirrel, Indian Grey Mongoose, and Tigers.
A recent wildlife census at the Sariska National Park revealed that there are about 25 tigers at this national park in Rajasthan, India.
The perfect way to go on wildlife tours in the Sariska Wildlife National Park is by arranging for a Jeep safari. Wildlife gazing at the Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary is comparatively easy as most of the animals gather near the water holes due to lack of water during the summer months.
Birds in Sariska National Park
The Sariska National Park in Rajasthan, India offers natural nesting grounds to different species of birds.
Apart from the permanent residents the Sariska National Park plays host to a number of migratory birds annually.
Among the commonly sighted birds at the Sariska National Park are birds like the Oriental White-eye, Small Buttonquail, Black Ibis, Lesser Whitethroat, Eurasian Spoonbill, Barn Owl, Common Hoopoe, Jungle Babbler, Tawny-bellied Babbler, Inornate Warbler, Common Tailorbird, Greenish Warbler, Asian Pied Starling, Common Myna, Brahminy Starling, Chestnut-tailed Starling, Mottled Wood Owl, Temminck's Stint, Spotted Owlet, Common Redshank, Wood Sandpiper, Collared Scops Owl, Common Coot, Painted Spurfowl, Jungle Bush Quail, Blue-breasted Quail, Great White Pelican, Baya Weaver, Red Avadavat, Grey Wagtail, White Wagtail, Black Redstart, Red-throated Flycatcher, Oriental Magpie, Coppersmith Barbet, Brown-headed Gull, Long-tailed Shrike, Dusky Crag Martin, White-throated Kingfisher, Wire-tailed Swallow, Grey-necked Bunting, Asian Koel, Sirkeer Malkoha, Common Rosefinch, Small Minivet, Eurasian Golden Oriole, Pied Cuckoo, Red Collared Dove, Laughing Dove, Rufous Treepie, Jungle Prinia, Ashy Prinia, Asian Openbill, Kentish Plover, Pied Avocet, Northern Lapwing, Yellow-wattled Lapwing, Spotted Creeper, Small Egret, Indian Pond Heron, Cattle Egret, Tufted Duck, White-rumped Vulture, Pariah Kite, Griffon Vulture, Shikra, Eurasian Sparrow hawk, Singing Bushlark, Darter, House Swift and other birds.
Most of the above mentioned birds are residents at the Sariska National Park in Rajasthan and the rest of them are winter migrants and introduced residents.
Hire a bicycle or walk on foot along the nature trails at the Sariska National Park in Rajasthan and experience an indescribable thrill as you spot and identify birds that are the life of the Sariska forests.
Vegetation in Sariska National Park
Set on rolling hills covered with dry deciduous forests the Sariska National Park in Rajasthan, India offers the right habitat for a wide variety of wildlife, birds and reptiles.
Ninety percent of the dry deciduous vegetation at the Sariska National Park consists of Dhok trees and the rest of the area is generously covered with trees like Goria, Tendu, Ber, Surwal and Khair.
Besides these the vegetation at the Sariska National Park consists of scrub forests and thorn thickets.
The vegetation at the Sariska National Park, Rajasthan, India offers the right habitat for the animals that make this place their home. Though the vegetation is not very dense here you are unlikely to spot tigers in the daytime as the tigers at Sariska are nocturnal creatures.
Special Attractions in Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary
The Kankwari Fort : The major historic structure within the Sariska National Park includes the Kankwari Fort where Emperor Aurangzeb once imprisoned his brother, Dara Shikoh.
The Ancient Shiva Temples : The Neelkanth Temples within the Sariska Tiger Sanctuary date back to the 6th -13th century AD, though in dilapidated condition, is a must visit. The Sariska Palace: The Maharajas of Alwar built the Sariska Palace standing amidst the Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary. The Palace has now been converted into a hotel.
Jeep Safari : The best way to explore the Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary is by jeep which can be arranged at the Forest Reception Office on Jaipur Road. You can even book a `hide' overlooking one of the water holes, and also provides an excellent opportunity for wildlife viewing and wildlife photography within the Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary.
Best Time to Visit
As such, the Sariska Tiger Reserve can be visited throughout the year; still the best time to have Sariska tour is from October - June and January - February. Certain jungle tracks are closed during the monsoon and the breeding season just to safeguard the animals and the reserve. If you can tolerate heat, April to June is ideal to catch-hold of the animals at the waterholes.
How To Reach Sariska National Park
By Air : The nearest airport from Sariska National Park is at Jaipur.
By Rail : The nearest railhead is at Alwar at a distance of 37-kms.
By Road : Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary is situated on the Delhi-Jaipur highway near Jaipur and Delhi. Sariska is also well connected with Alwar.